Why is equity important in the delivery of water, hygiene and sanitation?
Disparities in access to sanitation and hygiene are of increasing concern to the sector. These disparities are driven by a range of interrelated and complex factors, such as socio-economic status, gender and age. Addressing these disparities is critical in ensuring progress towards universal access to sanitation and hygiene.
Our key contributions and reserach in this area:
GENDER AND WASH
The SHARE-funded manual aims to address the knowledge gaps related to menstrual hygiene, and help break down the taboos which prevent women and girls from talking openly about the subject. The manual brings together examples of good menstrual hygiene practice from around the world, while providing guidance on building competence and confidence to break the silence surrounding the issue. It also encourages increased engagement in advocacy on menstrual hygiene. The resource is comprised of nine modules and toolkits covering key aspects of menstrual hygiene in different settings, including communities, schools and emergencies.
WEALTH AND WASH
Analysis of disparities in sanitation coverage
The objectives of this study are to model the following for 10 low-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia: 1. The distribution of sanitation-related health burden by wealth quintile; 2. The distribution of health benefits for targeting different wealth quintile groups; 3. The spatial distribution of sanitation-related health burden and benefits.
This work used existing household survey data from the Demographic and Health Surveys for the 10 countries to estimate disparities in sanitation-related services, exposures, susceptibility, burden and impact of infrastructure improvements.
Inspired by the previous successful development of the WaterPoint mapper by WaterAid, this project aimed at developing a low cost and participatory sanitation monitoring tool (including a spreadsheet and map‐based outputs), called the Sanitation Mapper. It enables collecting data and mapping the level of sanitation coverage in chosen areas, in order to better inform sanitation-related interventions. It was piloted in Bangladesh.
Full list of publications related to WASH equity:
- SUMPTER, C. & TORONDEL, B. 2013. A Systematic Review of the Health and Social Effects of Menstrual Hygiene Management. PLoS ONE, 8, e62004.
- RHEINGANS, R., ANDERSON, J. D., LUYENDIJK, R. & CUMMING, O. 2014. Measuring disparities in sanitation access: does the measure matter? Tropical Medicine & International Health, 19, 2-13.
- RHEINGANS, R., ANDERSON, J. D., SHOWALTER, J., & CUMMING, O. Policy brief: Exploring the inequities in sanitation-related disease burden and estimating the potential impacts of pro-poor targeting
- ROMA, E., PEARCE, J., BROWN, C. & ISLAM, S. 2012. Note from the field: Sanitation Mapper: A tool for mapping and monitoring sanitation in low-income countries. Waterlines, 31, 309-313.