Research areas

This page is currently being updated. Please check back soon or click on some of the drop down tabs for more information about specific research areas.

Below are some of our overview papers that provide general insights into the work we do:

  • CAIRNCROSS S, Petach H (2013) The Risk of Unimproved Water and Sanitation and the Global Burden of Disease. Editorial: Journal of Water, Sanitation & Hygiene for Development 3(4): 479–480 doi:10.2166/washdev.2013.054
  • Brown J, CAIRNCROSS S, Ensink JHJ (2013) Water, sanitation, hygiene and enteric infections in children. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 98(8):629-34.  Epub 11 June 2013. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2011-301528
  • Watts C, CAIRNCROSS S (2012) Should the GBD risk factor rankings be used to guide policy? Lancet 380:2060-2061
  • CAIRNCROSS S, Bartram J, Cumming O, Brocklehurst C (2010) Hygiene, sanitation, and water: What needs to be done? PLoS Med 7: e365. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed. 1000365
  • Bartram J, CAIRNCROSS S (2010) Hygiene, Sanitation and Water: Forgotten Foundations of Health. PLoS Med 7(11): e1000367. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000367
  • CAIRNCROSS S, Hunt C, Boisson S, Bostoen K, Curtis V, Fung ICH, Schmidt W-P. 2010. Water, sanitation and hygiene for the prevention of diarrhoea. Int J Epidemiol. 39 Suppl 1:i193-205.
  • Mathew K, Zachariah S, Shordt K, Snel M, CAIRNCROSS S, Biran A, Schmidt W-P. 2009. The sustainability and impact of school sanitation, water and hygiene education in southern India. Waterlines; 28(4):275-292. DOI:10.3362/1756-3488.2009.029
  • Wilbanks T, Romero-Lankao P, CAIRNCROSS S et al. 2007. Industry, Settlement, and Society. Chapter 7 in     Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. IPCC 4th Assessment Report, volume II. Exeter,  UK: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
  • CAIRNCROSS S, Valdmanis V. 2006. Water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion. In: Jamison DT, Breman JG, Measham AR et al. (eds.) Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries (2nd edition). WashingtonDC: The World Bank, Chapter 41, pp. 771-792.
  • Oum S, Chandramohan D, CAIRNCROSS S. 2005. Community-based surveillance; a pilot study from rural Cambodia.  Tropical Medicine & International Health 10 (7): 689-97.
  • CAIRNCROSS S, Valdmanis V. 2004. Water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion. Disease Control Priorities Project, Working Paper no. 28. WashingtonDC: National Institutes of Health. www.fic.nih.gov/dcpp/wps.html
  • Curtis V, CAIRNCROSS S, 2003. Water, sanitation and hygiene at Kyoto; hand washing and sanitation need to be marketed as if they were consumer products. British Medical Journal 327: 3-4.
  • CAIRNCROSS S, O’Neill D, McCoy A, Sethi D 2003. Health, Environment and the Burden of Disease; a Guidance Note. London: Department for International Development. (Also published in French)
  • CAIRNCROSS S. 2003. Sanitation in the developing world; current status and future solutions. International Journal of Environmental Health Research 13: S123-S131.
  • CAIRNCROSS S. 2003. Editorial: water supply and sanitation; some misconceptions. Tropical Medicine & International Health 8 (3): 193-195.
  • Bradley D.J., CAIRNCROSS S., Haines A., Stephens C. 2001 Health and sustainable development. World Summit for Sustainable Development Opinion. London: International Institute for Environment and Development.
  • Hunt C., CAIRNCROSS S. et al. 2000 Global Water Supply & Sanitation Assessment, Year 2000 Report. Geneva: World Health Organization, Unicef and Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council.
  • Hunt C., CAIRNCROSS S., Dubey M., et al. 1999. Community-based environmental health indicators; a useful tool in facilitating dialogue between communities and planners. Urban Health & Development Bulletin 2 (2): 82-90.
  • Hunt C., CAIRNCROSS S., Dubey M. et al. 1998. The use of community-based environmental health indicators in the provision of urban services. Abstract book: 1st World Congress of Health and Urban Environment, Madrid, July 6-10.
  • Afouda A., Bhatia R., CAIRNCROSS S. et al. (Scientific Committee on Water Research, International Council of Scientific Unions) 1998. Water resources research: trends and needs in 1997. Journal of Hydrological Sciences 43 (1) 19-46.
  • CAIRNCROSS S. and Kolsky, P.J. 1997. Letter: water, waste and well-being. American Journal of Epidemiology 146, 4, 359-360.
  • CAIRNCROSS, S., Cutts F.T. and Periès H. 1997. Vertical programmes; what are they good for? Lancet 349, SII 20-22.
  • CAIRNCROSS, S. 1996. Water quality, quantity and health. In Drangert J-O, Swiderski R and Woodhouse M (eds). Conference on Safe Water Environments, Eldoret, Kenya. Linköping, Sweden: LinköpingUniversity, 60-65.
  • CAIRNCROSS, S., BlumenthalU., Kolsky P., Moraes L. and Tayeh A. 1996. The public and domestic domains in the transmission of disease. Tropical Medicine and International Health 1, (1), 27‑34.
  • CAIRNCROSS, S. and Feachem, R.G. 1993.  Environmental Health Engineering in the Tropics; an Introductory Text. (2nd ed.) Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
  • CAIRNCROSS, S. 1992.  Sanitation and Water Supply: Practical Lessons from the Decade.  Water and Sanitation Discussion Paper No. 9. WashingtonDC: The World Bank
  • Bradley, D. CAIRNCROSS, S., Harpham, T., and Stephens, C., 1991. A Review of Environmental Health Impacts in Developing Country Cities.  Urban Management Program Discussion Paper No. 6. WashingtonDC: The World Bank.
  • CAIRNCROSS, S. 1990  Health impacts in developing countries: new evidence and new prospects. Journal of the Institution of Water and Environmental Management 4, (6), 571‑577.
  • CAIRNCROSS, S., Hardoy, J.E. and Satterthwaite D., eds. 1990 The Poor Die Young: Housing and Health in Third World Cities. London: Earthscan Publications.
  • CAIRNCROSS, S.  1990 Water! World Health,  Jan‑Feb, 21‑23.
  • CAIRNCROSS, S.  1989 Water supply and sanitation: an agenda for research. Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 92: 301‑314.
  • CAIRNCROSS, S.  1988. Health Aspects of water and sanitation. Waterlines   (1), 2‑5.
  • [CAIRNCROSS, S. 1987.  The International Water Decade. Editorial, Lancet (ii), October 17]
  • CAIRNCROSS, S. and Appleton, B.  1985.  Evaluation of Water and Sanitation Projects: Your Questions Answered. International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade Publication No. 6.  Geneva: World Health Organization.

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